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美媒:中国海军潜艇出动率较低
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作者:环球展望军事网编译    文章来源:strategypage网站    点击数:    更新时间:2008-1-20 【字体:


在Google Earth卫星地图下,偶然发现在中国旅顺的海域外,有一艘正在返航中的明级常规潜艇

    [环球展望军事网编译]2008年1月14日:美国海军迫于“信息自由”制度,发布中国潜艇行动数据。数据显示,虽然中国潜艇更经常安排到海上(一个已经发生的事实有许多有关中国海军威胁的大标题),他们仍然比美国潜艇正这样做的更少些。在2007年,美国潜艇去海洋长期操作(这叫做“巡逻”)比中国潜艇高七倍。但是55艘中国潜艇在2007年只有六次外出巡逻,与此相对2006年两次和在2005年一次也没有。在之前,整个九十年代,中国潜艇平均每年巡逻1.2次。一艘中国弹道导弹潜艇(SSBN)在它存在25年时间内,一次也没有外出巡逻。

    虽不能说中国潜艇一点也不外出,但是大多时间短途航行,行驶到远离海岸进入开放水域之内,为训练和测试设备。但是不是为了替换长期(二个月或更多)巡回象美国潜艇自第二次世界大战以后已经做的那样。当中国正在现代化他们的海上力量时候,他们的潜艇一半仍然基本上是陈旧柴电设计。美国核潜水艇舰队包含全世界服役中的核潜艇超过一半数量。

    但美国主要的问题是反潜战,因为甚至陈旧的柴电潜艇被证实也难以发现。美国海军正在改造它的反潜能力。可能经过数年和主要的目标要领先中国发展。美国认为他们最大事情,当中国正在建造更多的潜艇时候,他们没有使用它们训练。那为什么?部分是资金原因,部分是缺乏维护的设备。但是主要恐惧困难,在最近几年以来,已经有一些在海上包括潜艇在内损失惨重的事故。这些通常只是为训练当日往返的短途航行。潜艇故障,水手死亡(在一个例子中,全部乘员)。但是在他们变成对美国的一个严重威胁之前,中国更多去海洋。如果去年投入的巡逻是趋势的开始,那么威胁的确增长的。

    附原文供对照参考,有所改动,错误之处请见谅,不代表本站认同原文内容或观点:

China's Shame

January 14, 2008:  The U.S. Navy was forced, by a "Freedom of Information" lawsuit, to release its data on Chinese submarine operations. The data showed that, while Chinese subs are putting to sea more often (a fact that has generated many headlines about the Chinese naval threat), they are still doing so much less than U.S. subs. In 2007, American subs went to sea for long term operations (this is called "patrols") seven times more often than Chinese boats. But the 55 Chinese subs went out on only six patrols in 2007, versus two in 2006 and none in 2005. Before that, through the 1990s, Chinese subs averaged 1.2 patrols a year. The one Chinese ballistic missile sub (SSBN) has never, in its 25 years of existence, gone out on a patrol.

This is not to say that the Chinese boats don't go out at all, but these are largely day trips, moving off shore into the open water, in order to train and test the equipment. But this is no replacement for the long term (two months or more) tours American boats have been doing since World War II.  While the Chinese are modernizing their submarine force, half their boats are still basically obsolete diesel-electric designs. The U.S. nuclear submarine fleet contains more than half the nuclear boats in service worldwide.

But the major American problem is anti-submarine warfare, because even elderly diesel-electric boats have proved difficult to detect. So the U.S. Navy is rebuilding its anti-submarine capability. That may take a few more years, and the main goal is to keep ahead of Chinese developments. The biggest thing the Americans have going for them is that, while the Chinese are building more subs, they are not training with them. Why is that? Partly it's a matter of money, partly it's the poorly maintained equipment. But mostly it's fear of embarrassment. Over the last few years, there have been several disastrous accidents involving Chinese subs at sea. These were usually just the day trips for training. Boats broke down, sailors died (in one case, an entire crew). But the Chinese have to go to sea a lot more before they become a serious threat to the United States. If the jump in patrols last year is the start of a trend, then the threat is indeed growing.

文章录入:军闻    责任编辑:《环球展望》 
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